burn longer,
Heat Content Easy to Burn Easy to Split Smoke Throw Sparks Ratings/Remarks
BEST: Ash, Red oak, White oak,
Beech, Birch, Hawthorn, Hickory,
Hard maple, Pear, Pecan, Dogwood,
Almond, Apple
High Yes Yes No No Ash – burns when green
Almond – sweet scent
Beech – throws sparks
Birch – pleasant scent and burns quickly
GOOD: Soft maple, cherry, walnut Medium Yes Yes No No Walnut – harder to split
FAIR: Alder, Aspen, Basswood,
Cottonwood, Elm, Sycamore, Yellow
Low No Yes Medium No Aspen, Basswood, Cottonwood
are good for kindling
Elm – season for two years


burn fast, split easier
Heat Content Easy to Burn Easy to Split Smoke Throw Sparks Ratings/Remarks
BEST: Southern Yellow Pine,
Spruce, Fir, Tamarack, Larch
Medium Yes Yes Medium Can
GOOD: Eastern red cedar, Western
red cedar, White Cedar, Eastern and
Western White pine, Sugar pine,
Ponderosa pine
Low Medium Yes Medium No All good for kindling, pleasant scent
Cedar – steady heat without too big of a flame
Pine – lower heat content
FAIR: Cypress Medium No Yes Medium No


“Seasoned” Firewood – Seasoned firewood is wood which has been left out to dry for an extended period of time. Wet wood, including green wood which has recently been cut from a tree, is difficult to burn and burns with less heat. Avoid using wet wood and always use seasoned firewood if at all possible.


  1. […] Mix softwood and hardwood together for your logs – this provides a better variety of burning qualities to get the fire going and keep it going. For more on firewood types, see our Firewood Ratings page. […]

  2. […] Firewood Ratings – Both hardwood and softwood can be used in a fire.  Softwoods are better for starting  fire, but burn quickly.  Hardwoods burn hotter and longer, but are harder to ignite.  For more information click this link: Firewood ratings […]

  3. […] about firewood. The more you know, the easier it will be to start a safe fire and keep it going. View our firewood ratings page for more […]

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